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> Headaches

 

Cluster headache

Cluster headache is believed to be worse than migraine headache. These headaches are intense and can last for 30 minutes to one hour. Cluster headaches happen most often during the morning or late at night. Chronic smokers and those who drink alcohol are the most common sufferers of cluster headaches. The pain is  concentrated on one side, usually behind an eye. Cluster headache can be episodic or chronic. Chronic attacks occur less than a month apart. Episodic – with at least 1 month of pain free period.

Treatment Options: Conservative treatment may includes medications, such as Verapamil and Oxygen inhalation. If conservative and Oxygen therapies are not effective, some interventional options such as radiofrequency ablation and occipital nerve stimulation may be used.

Cervicogenic Headache

Cervicogenic headache gets its name from its origin from the neck. Therer’s is a well known connection between the first three cervical nerve roots and the fifth cranial nerve in the cervical cord. So, we the muscle spasm or nerve root irritation in the neck can cause pain in and around the eye and in the face by means of this fifth nerve ( trigeminal nerve).  The headache arising from the neck may also be associated with neck, shoulder, and arm pain.

Tension Headache

Most headaches are tension-type headaches. This is the most common type of headache. These headaches are felt as a pressure or aching of mild to moderate severity. It can be unilateral or bilateral and often occur in the back of the head, on the sides of the head, and around the eyes. These headaches are frequently caused by the muscles of the jaw and neck. The temporalis muscle may be involved in headaches along the side of the head. It is commonly described as a tight band/hat band around the head (that is caused by muscle tension). Muscle tension is commonly caused by trauma, repetitive strain, misaligned jaw or neck joints, poor posture, nerve impingements, or stress.  Tension-type facial muscle headaches may be a trigger for migraine headaches and unlike migraines are usually made better with physical exertion.  A tension headache may start after physical, mental, or emotional stress.

Drug Rebound Headache

Drug rebound headaches are those headaches that may be caused by the frequent use of pain medications. Aspirin, Tylenol and many other prescription medications are helpful to the occasional headache sufferer, but the overuse of these drugs can often make a headache worse.